Press Release

Australian kangaroo slaughter fueled by vast violations of California ban on skins, new investigation finds

Olympians, including Gold Medalists Heather Mitts (soccer) and David Verburg (track and field), urge Nike to stop fueling annual slaughter of 2 million kangaroos

CALIFORNIA – Australia’s commercial kangaroo shootings, the world’s largest wildlife slaughter, is being further fueled by vast violations of a ban on kangaroo body parts in the State of California, according to a new study by the Center for a Humane Economy, a US-based non-profit organization that promotes animal welfare in the business sector.

More than one hundred California stores and online retailers are illegally selling athletic shoes made of kangaroo skin, including manufacturers like Nike, adidas, Puma, New Balance and five others illegally supplying tens of thousands of these shoes to California retailers. Indeed, seven of the nine manufacturers also illegally sell directly to customers in California.

The Center and an array of soccer and Olympic athletes are urging authorities to enforce the law and expect that, if enforced, it will have a significant impact on the commercial viability of Australia’s kangaroo industry.

The Center found widespread criminal violations of California Penal Code § 653o banning the sale or import of kangaroo skin soccer shoes even though it was the legislature’s intent to stop the Australian slaughter. The California law has been in effect since 2016, but the Center’s investigation reveals that the California Department of Fish and Wildlife and other law enforcement agencies have made no discernible effort to stop the sale of tens of thousands of finished products made from kangaroos.

“We now learn the true death and displacement toll as a result of Australia’s catastrophic wildfires may be three billion animals, including uncounted kangaroos,” said Wayne Pacelle, president of the Center for a Humane Economy. “It’s now being called ‘one of the worst wildlife disasters in modern history’. Despite this crisis, commercial shooters are still massacring kangaroos, and their skins are still being sold in California despite a law that makes it a crime to trade in their parts.”

Here are key finding of the investigation:

  • Two-thirds of the 117 California soccer specialty retailers selling soccer “cleats” are violating the ban, according to the Center investigators.
  • Of the 76 dominant online retailers, some 93 percent are illegally allowing shipment into California.
  • Among the top nine shoe manufacturers, Diadora, Lotto, New Balance, Pantofola d’Oro, Puma, and Umbro were found to be shipping illegally to California addresses (only Muzuno and adidas followed the law).  Nike, the biggest name in athletic footwear, temporarily took steps to come into compliance after notified of violations by the Center but resumed illegal sales this month.
  • All nine manufacturers, including adidas, violate the statute by wholesaling soccer cleats to retailers in California.

“I’m a proud Australian, but I’m really ashamed how we are treating this animal. It’s just a shameful, shameful thing,” says Mick McIntyre who just released his documentary ‘Kangaroos: A Love Hate Story.’

“We don’t treat sports as a cordoned-off enterprise set apart from the rest of world and its swirl of social concerns,” said Dotsie Bausch, an Olympic cycling silver medalist (2012) speaking on behalf of herself, soccer gold medalist Heather Mitts, track-and-field gold medalist David Verburg, and two other elite athletes. “That means we care about the things we wear, the supply chain that allows them to be fabricated, and the precious world that we all inhabit with animals.”  Their letter to Nike is available here.

Nike fulfilled multiple orders for kangaroo-skin shoes to Robert Ferber, the former Los Angeles City prosecutor in charge of animal cruelty crimes for more than a decade.  “I’ve ordered pairs of Tiempo Legend 8 Elite to see if Nike was following the law. Except for a brief period this spring, the shoes I ordered through appeared promptly and illegally on my doorstep,” noted the long-time prosecutor. Other Center investigators ordered numerous illegal shoes from several manufacturers. “I’d expect more controls, and more serious-minded compliance from one of the biggest corporations in the world and one that touts its commitment to sustainability and ethics.”  Ferber noted that the law provides a penalty of up to $5,000 fine and six months in jail for each act.

Nike is one of nine major athletic shoe companies to make soccer cleats from kangaroos. The Center also developed the first of its kind list identifying kangaroo skin soccer cleats, listing 72 models of shoes from nine companies made from kangaroos. The list of shoes is available here.

“Scores of kangaroos and their baby joeys rescued this year from Australia’s wildfires are now being released back into their native habitat only to risk being shot and killed for soccer shoes,” said Cienwen Hickey, Australian wildlife advocate for the Center for a Humane Economy. “This is the world’s quietest massacre of wildlife, and I am deeply distressed that Nike and other major companies are defying the law and contributing to this bloodletting and butchery in the Outback.”

“We’re not making hats from herons and egrets, we don’t decorate our living rooms with ivory trinkets, and we shouldn’t wear athletic shoes made from the skins of kangaroos,” said Pacelle. “There’s just no need for it.  Every one of these companies already sells soccer cleats made from fabrics not stripped from the backs of wildlife.”

The Center is collaborating with Animal Wellness Action, SPCA International, and a raft of other groups on a global campaign to urge every major athletic shoe company to rid its supply chain of kangaroo parts.


For a copy of the full CHE study, click here. For images and video of illegal sales, click here.

To find out why modern soccer shoes are scoring higher marks by using synthetics and fabrics instead of old-fashioned kangaroo skin, watch this video from a global expert.

To find the letter from the Olympic athletes, click here.

The Center for a Humane Economy is a nonprofit organization that urges corporations to embrace animal welfare principles in their operations, supply chains, and R&D practices.

Center for a Humane Economy is a Washington, D.C.-based 501(c)(3) whose mission is to help animals by helping forge a more humane economic order. The first organization of its kind in the animal protection movement, the Center encourages businesses to honor their social responsibilities in a culture where consumers, investors, and other key stakeholders abhor cruelty and the degradation of the environment and embrace innovation as a means of eliminating both. The Center believes helping animals helps us all. Twitter: @TheHumaneCenter

Animal Wellness Action is a Washington, D.C.-based 501(c)(4) whose mission is to help animals by promoting laws and regulations at federal, state and local levels that forbid cruelty to all animals. The group also works to enforce existing anti-cruelty and wildlife protection laws. Animal Wellness Action believes helping animals helps us all. Twitter: @AWAction_News

Animal Wellness Foundation is a Los Angeles-based private charitable organization with a mission of helping animals by making veterinary care available to everyone with a pet, regardless of economic ability. We organize rescue efforts and medical services for dogs and cats in need and help homeless pets find a loving caregiver. We are advocates for getting veterinarians to the front lines of the animal welfare movement; promoting responsible pet ownership; and vaccinating animals against infectious diseases such as distemper. We also support policies that prevent animal cruelty and that alleviate suffering. We believe helping animals helps us all.